Снегопады в Альпах содержат колоссальное количество пластика – исследование

События 2022-01-26 17:42
Снегопады в Альпах содержат колоссальное количество пластика – исследование

Ученые из Утрехтского университета и Австрийского центрального института метеорологии и геофизики подсчитали, сколько пластика падает на землю из атмосферы. Ежегодно в Альпах от вершин до населенных низменностей вместе со снегом выпадает до 3 тыс. тонн микроскопических пластиковых пылинок, сообщает Phys.org.

Согласно новым данным, каждый год в Швейцарии оседает около 43 триллионов пластиковых частиц. Для подсчета загрязняющих веществ был применен химический метод, определяющий пылинки с помощью масс-спектрометра.

Ученые исследовали вершину австрийской горы Хоер Зоннблик высотой 3106 м. Здесь базируется обсерватория Центрального института метеорологии и геодинамики.Ежедневно в 8 утра специалисты собирали верхний слой снега. Около 30 % нанопластика, найденного на вершине горы, принесены ветрами из радиуса 200 км. Загрязнения из Мирового океана также попадают в воздух с брызгами волн. Примерно 10 % частиц преодолели более 2 тыс. км, некоторые из них прилетели из Атлантики.

На сегодняшний день на планете произведено более 8300 млн тонн пластика, 60 % уже являются отходами, которые распадаются под действием погоды и механического истирания до наночастиц.Ежедневное использование пластиковых упаковок и одежды также приводит к высвобождению нанопластика. Эти частицы настолько легки, что их перемещение можно сравнить с движением газов.




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